Test meters have trouble reading VFD output voltage because an AC motor prefers sinusoidal power, but a variable frequency drive’s output voltage is NOT sinusoidal. As shown below, a VFD’s output voltage is a series square pulses which range from wider to thinner to emulate a sinewave. The following image represents typical voltage output from a VFD.
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5 basic facts about VFDs to help electrical engineers and operators understand the limitations and capabilities of VFDs.